BY COSSY HOUGH
As Congress wrestles with replacing the Affordable Care Act (ACA), a big question is where they will land with Medicaid expansion. Rolling back Medicaid expansion would hurt our country’s safety net — taking coverage away from millions of Americans, many of whom are low-income, working adults who aren’t offered health insurance through their employers or who work intermittent, contract jobs — and would bring back an antiquated, out-of-touch thinking about poverty that classifies the poor into “deserving” versus “undeserving.”
Historically, children, the elderly and the disabled have been considered deserving of receiving assistance and, accordingly, have received healthcare coverage earlier and in higher numbers. Able-bodied adults, meanwhile, were considered undeserving. The assumption was that they either didn’t want to work or were not making enough effort to find a job. Providing assistance to them, the thought went, only encouraged their continued unemployment.
Prior to implementation of the ACA, able-bodied adults with no dependents didn’t qualify for Medicaid, even if they earned little or no income at all. In states like Texas, which didn’t expand Medicaid coverage, this is still the case. In these states, when able-bodied adults don’t obtain healthcare coverage, it is perceived as a matter of their own choice, without regard for the consequences. U.S. Rep. Raul Labrador, a Republican from Idaho (another state that didn’t expand Medicaid,) channeled this older way of thinking recently when he said, “nobody dies because they don’t have access to health care.”
States that did expand Medicaid, by contrast, offer healthcare coverage to childless adults who make less than $16,643 per year. This expansion covered individuals who:
>> May have a health condition severe enough to make them unable to work full time but not enough to qualify them disabled.
>> Be freelancing or doing contract work, in between jobs, looking for jobs or working low-wage jobs that don’t provide the benefit of healthcare coverage.
>> Aren’t working outside the home in order to care for a sick or elderly family member.
Medicaid expansion demonstrated a shift toward a way of thinking about poverty more attuned to the 21st century, when lack of full-time, stable employment is not really a personal choice. Estimates are that 34 percent of U.S. workers are freelance or contract employees. This is a big contrast to what we grew used to in the second half of the 20th century. Freelance and contract work is not always available at 40 hours per week. In addition, blue-collar and low-wage jobs, even if full-time, are the least likely to offer health insurance coverage as a benefit. And even when healthcare coverage is offered, the premium costs are prohibitive to some workers.
Taking Medicaid benefits away from the newly covered groups would be a backward-looking choice. Medicaid is crucial for the safety net of our country. Higher rates of coverage benefit those who need health care and the communities they live in. It also translates into fiscal benefits for all of us. Coverage saves money in the long run, especially for the local communities and states that shoulder most of the costs for those who can’t afford coverage.
GOP senators in states that expanded Medicaid should be asking themselves how rolling back Medicaid expansion will impact their constituents. For some of them, it is a matter of life or death. Those with chronic illnesses, like diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis, can now afford medications; the estimated 1.3 million people suffering from opioid addiction can receive treatment. Moving forward, lawmakers must preserve the Medicaid eligibility standards in the states that expanded Medicaid. In states that didn’t expand Medicaid as part of ACA, lawmakers should move towards expanded eligibility for adults making less than $16,643 per year.
It’s time to stop making policy decisions on who is most “deserving” and do the important work of saving lives by keeping Medicaid expansion in place.